The Icelandic horse is the only horse breed from Iceland. Their ancestors were brought there in the 9th and 10th centuries by Vikings… And the breed is kept pure till now! They are the only breed native to Iceland.
In the 10th century they banned importing horses into Iceland in an effort to keep the Icelandic breed pure. The ban still stands today. In fact, if an Icelandic horse leaves Iceland, it not allowed to return.
Icelandic horses are fairly sleek in the summer months – though they retain a heavy mane and tail – but in the winter they grow a special, three-layer coat, which helps them survive the freezing Icelandic temperatures. The Icelandic is one of the few equine breeds that exhibit almost all the colors possible in a horse.
Iceland has a human population of around 330,000 people (not including the elves) and there are around 80,000 Icelandic horses in the country. So that means there is one horse per family! It is one of the most “horse dense” areas in the world, while having a fairly low “people density”.
To read more on Iceland click here